What are The Top 6 Programming Languages for Backend Development?

top 6 programming language for backend development

“Programmers are constantly in maintenance mode.”- Andrew Hunt 

What is Backend Web Development? 

Web Development is classified into two components: Frontend Development and Backend Development. Backend web development are activities that take place at the back end of the programs. It comprises server-side web application logic and integration and pursuits, like creating libraries, writing APIs, and working with system components vis-à-vis frontend development, which aims at customer-facing programs and services. Backend developers build codes using various Backend development languages that allow databases and applications to communicate with each other. Backend developers look after and maintain the backend of a website, including servers, applications, and databases.

What Does a Backend Developer Do? 

A backend developer must work closely with the frontend developer to ensure that functionality is aligned with user experience. Functionality is a vital characteristic of any web application and it is up to the developer to make certain its good performance and speed. Further, it is essential to constantly make updates while also monitoring and organizing the database information in a correct and secure way. A crucial decision that a backend developer makes in the beginning is selecting the appropriate Backend development language for them, because it has the potential to affect the entire future of the application. 

Following are the top 6 Languages used for backend development that every backend developer must look out for. 

 1. JavaScript 

java script icon
  • JavaScript is a popular and widely known programming language. It can be used for both frontend and backend development. 
  • Historical patterns and Statistics show that the acceptance of Node.js has boosted the use of JavaScript as a backend development language. 
  • JavaScript provides several noteworthy features for backend development, including dynamic typing, lightweight scripting, object-oriented programming support, client-side validation, and an enormous community. 
  • NodeJS, Express, and MeteorJS are some commonly used backend frameworks of JavaScript. 

2. Python 

python
  • Modern programming tactics can be feasibly understood and worked upon with Python. 
  • Python contains several sophisticated libraries that comprise a massive quantity of pre-written codes. Consequently, it makes the backend developer’s life a little easy since they do not have to write codes from scratch, which in turn reduces development time. 
  • Organizations and businesses use Python for Backend web development because of its usage of object-oriented programming, ease in understanding the code, vast range of frameworks, versatility and small learning curve. For backend development, Python frameworks also include Django and Flask. 
  • Python’s use in web development, data processing, scripting, and desktop app development makes it an extremely versatile language. 

Read the Related Article – Python developer skills and responsibilities

3. Java 

java
  • This object-oriented backend development language is widely used in the building and upgrading of enterprise-scale online applications, desktop apps, android apps, scientific apps and many others. 
  • Java offers two or more threads to run simultaneously, called multithreading, to maximize CPU utilization. 
  • Some other advantages of using Java as a backend development language include following OOP concepts, extensive open-source libraries, automatic memory allocation and garbage collection, and portability. 
  • Popular Java frameworks include grails, spring, and struts. 

Read the Related Article –How to improve my problem solving skills in java?

4. Ruby

ruby backend programming language
  • Another known backend development language used is Ruby. It is the basis for frameworks like ruby on rails. It has an easy-to-understand and expressive syntax. Ruby has its own defined set of keywords, contains more than 60,000 libraries, and is a dynamically typed language. 
  • The Stack Overflow Developer survey suggests that Ruby is the 14th most popular programming language in the world, with 7.1% of respondents being Ruby on Rails engineers. 
  • Rails was created to make web app programming convenient and assist in creating websites of any complexity. Ruby’s purpose is to simplify the construction of new high-performance web projects. 

Read the Related Article – Ruby Programming languages – What it is?

5. PHP

php
  • PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor. It is an open-source server-side scripting language mainly designed for backend web development. 
  • PHP includes features such as cross-platform compatibility, OOPs, support for different databases like SQLite, MySQL, and others, as well as a large community of users. PHP does not require a compiler. 
  • The built-in database connection modules of PHP help in connecting databases feasibly, reducing the trouble and time for development of web applications and content based sites. 
  • Top PHP frameworks include Codelgniter, Laravel, and a lot more. 

6. C#

c-sharp
  • C-sharp is one of the most utilized backend development languages for developing system backend, which is attributed to its incredible features such as Windows server automation. C-sharp comes in extremely beneficial to create CLI applications and games. To top it all, the code in C-sharp runs in less time. 
  • Cross-platform compatibility, values collection, garbage data, and object-oriented programming are very highly rated on the list of its key features. 
  • Some majorly used C# Frameworks for backend web development are ASP.NET Core and .NET MVC. 

Conclusion

Even though backend web developers work ‘behind the scenes’, their contribution to any web application completion and success is immense. In order to provide a logical and functional social network, app, website, or marketplace, the developer is required to build decent communication with all the members of their web development team, from the UX/UI designers to the frontend developers. Moreover, being in sync with the clients’ and stakeholders’ needs and wants can help create a victorious system architecture and provide valuable solutions to their problems. 

A backend developer has a lot on their plate and their responsibilities can vary a lot. In addition to organizing and analyzing databases (using tools such as PostgreSQL, MongoDB, and Oracle), their duties include working on the server-side, ensuring the database information is communicated through coding to the browser. And this is where backend development languages like Python, Ruby, and PHP come into the picture. 

Working in backend web development can be a demanding but also an exciting job. Web developers are often considered the brain of a web application. One can become an exceptional professional by being ambitious and humble to learn from every project and challenge that they may encounter. 

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