Difference Between Frontend and Backend Development

Difference Between Frontend and Backend Development

If you are new to coding, you might get confused about how a website or an application takes shape. In the programming world, you often hear about frontend and backend, and then there are programming languages. If you are wondering what all these have to do with building a website, what’s frontend and backend? We get it. We had the same questions when we were you that what is the Difference Between Frontend Development & Backend Development

So a website or an application has two components that come together to form a usable website/application. A frontend is what the users see and the backend is the infrastructure that supports the application/website.

These two are the two sides of the coin and both of them depend on each other. The frontend is the part that is visible to the users while the backend is the non-visible part upon which the whole functioning depends.

Let’s understand what is frontend and backend development?

Frontend Development

Frontend development includes designing how the website will look like. It deals with details about the website that the users see, features that the user uses to communicate with you, navigation menus, images-animations-videos, etc. The front end of the website/application decides how good of an experience the user gets.

To develop the frontend a developer uses technologies like HTML, CSS3, JavaScript, etc. along with third-party libraries like Angular vs ReactJS, jQuery, etc.

Backend Development

Backend deals with the hidden side of the website/application that handles all the nitty-gritty of it like storage and data organization, communicating with the front end to ensure smooth functioning, etc. When any user interacts with the website in the form of making a purchase, filling a form, entering information, etc, the backend manages and processes the information input and returns relevant information that is displayed on the screen through the frontend. You can also call it the server side of the website which manages the database.

A backend developer uses Python, Java, PHP, Ruby, NodeJS, etc. to develop the backend of a website/application.

What Are The Other Significant Differences Between Frontend and Backend Development?

What we have talked about so far was the overview of the difference between the two. Now let’s understand a little deeper about how these two are separate job roles, Frontend Vs Backend.

Working on Different Sides of the Website or Application

Frontend programming focuses on building the visual elements that users see and interact with while Backend focuses on the server-side that users cannot see. These two combine together to form a dynamic website.

Use of Different Programming Languages

Coding requires a programming language. Both frontend and backend technologies use a different programming language to create the website/application.

Front End Developers Use

  • HTML: This is the standard markup computer language that is used to create web pages and create a structure for the website.
  • CSS: Cascading Style Sheet or CSS is used to style the website and bring flair to it through layouts, design, fonts, colors, etc.
  • JavaScript: This helps to make the website/application interactive.

Apart from these frontend developers also use a few sets of frameworks and libraries to work with like AngularJS, React.js, jQuery, Sass, etc.

Back End Developers Use

  • PHP: This is a server-side scripting language.
  • Java: A very popular high-level object-oriented programming language.
  • Python: This is a general-purpose programming language and is used for many other kinds of software development.

Apart from these, the backend frameworks include Express, Rails, Django, Lavarel, Spring, etc.

Difference in Pay

Backend developers can get higher pay than frontend developers in general because of the complexity of the job and the technicality involved. However, both job roles are important for a fully functioning website or application development.

With that being said, these days Full Stack developers are the most demanded developers as they manage both the frontend and backend of the website. They also get higher pay than frontend and backend developers for wearing many hats and expertise in all the sections of the development process, Before all, you should know what is frontend and backend languages

The differences in the role a frontend developer and a backend developer plays, cannot be undermined by saying one is important and the other is not. Both of them are necessary for the development of a functional and appealing website or an application.

If you are considering a career in website and application development, then why not go for something that is in high demand these days and includes both these roles. By being a Full Stack developer you will get the best of both worlds. You can consider taking a 5-6 months course to equip yourself with the in and out of the Full Stack development and join the hottest job industry.


Q-1 Which is a better career option? Frontend, Backend, or Full Stack Development?

Ans – Full Stack Development is one of the most demanded job profiles currently. Since a full-stack developer can perform the job role of both Frontend and Backend developer, companies these days prefer to have one expert to do the entire job.

Q-2 Which job is easy to learn?

Ans – While both frontend and backend developments are equally important, the backend entails a lot more technicalities compared to the frontend. However, the difficulty of the course depends on your learning and the guidance provided to you during the course.

Q-3 How can I become a Full Stack Developer?

Ans – You can become a Full Stack Developer by joining Geekster’s full-stack web development programs which teaches you everything about full-stack development while also training you to face interviews.

Q-4 Can I get a job with a certificate course in full-stack development?

Ans – Yes, you can get a job with a certificate course in Full Stack Development. While companies do require an associate degree, you can bag a job for yourself with good hands-on training and certification from a reputed academy.

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